The main reason for seed storage is to facilitate distribution to areas not normally reached, or on a timescale that would not naturally be possible. These seeds should maintain a longevity that makes this achievable.
There are various, more specific reasons why seeds would be stored.
Farmers must keep their seeds for a short period of time until the next growing season, while germplasm banks do so for long periods of time, some theoretically can store seeds indefinitely. There is also forest use or immediate-application restoration.
The new challenges of modern society demand the use of phytogenic resources to support sustainable development.
It is therefore essential to establish conditions and resources for handling and conserving seeds until use. It is of such vital importance that large public and private funds are earmarked for this purpose.